Sergio Leone (3 January 1929 – 30 April 1989) was an Italian film director, producer, and screenwriter who is widely acknowledged as the inventor of the Spaghetti Western genre and one of the most important directors in cinema history. Leone’s filmmaking approach involves intense close-up views juxtaposed with prolonged long vistas. His films include Clint Eastwood’s Dollars Trilogy: A Fistful of Dollars (1964), For a Few Dollars More (1965), The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly (1966); and the Once Upon a Time film: Once Upon a Time in the West (1968), Duck, You Sucker! (1971), and Once Upon a Time in America (1972). (1984).