Top Italian Regions by GDP: A Comprehensive List

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List of Italian regions by GDP (2021)

In 2021, the gross domestic product of Italy was 1.78 trillion euros, an increase of more than 20 billion euros compared to the previous year. The region with the highest GDP that year was Lombardia, with 405,266.8 million euros, followed by Lazio (197,709 million euros). The regions with the lowest GDP were the regions of Valle d’Aosta, Molise, and Basilicata.

The Italian regions are the 20 administrative divisions that make up the Republic of Italy. These regions vary greatly in terms of population, culture, and economic strength. One way to measure the economic strength of a region is by its gross domestic product (GDP), which is the total value of goods and services produced within a given area in a given year. GDP is a widely used indicator of a region’s economic strength and can be used to compare the economic performance of different regions. In this article, we will take a closer look at the top five Italian regions by GDP in 2021 and explore what makes them economically strong.

It is worth noting that these data can be subject to change and the GDP may not be the only indicator of the economic strength of a region. Other factors such as the unemployment rate, standard of living, and infrastructure also play a significant role in determining the overall economic health of a region.

According to data from the Italian National Institute of Statistics (ISTAT), the following are the Italian regions by GDP in 2021.

GDP of Italy (2021, in millions of Euros)

Total: 1 782 050
North: 1 009 477
Centre: 377 616
South: 270 830
Islands: 122 917

GDP of Italy by Region (2021, in millions of Euros)

Region201920202021
Lombardia374 839.8405 266.8405 266.8
Lazio201 986.6185 841.0197 709.9
Veneto166 519.3152 682.8164 392.2
Emilia-Romagna163 052.2152 246.3163 652.1
Piemonte137 941.3126 867.2136 280.8
Toscana122 179.0107 959.1114 925.7
Campania111 065.0102 581.8110 124.6
Sicilia89 242.283 555.988 370.1
Puglia75 832.271 124.676 316.3
Liguria50 237.045 478.048 761.2
Trentino Alto-Adige47 311.244 147.647 281.3
Marche42 666.039 322.542 256.9
Friuli-Venezia Giulia39 306.236 614.139 104.1
Sardegna35 127.532 184.234 547.1
Calabria33 337.430 961.632 692.0
Abruzzo32 936.430 317.232 588.1
Umbria22 978.721 082.422 724.2
Basilicata12 672.011 431.612 746.7
Molise6 487.56 043.66 362.5
Valle d'Aosta4 868.74 446.14 739.4
List of Italian regions by GDP (2021,in millions of Euros)
  1. Lombardia (405,266, in millions of Euros)
    Lombardia, located in the north of Italy, is the wealthiest region in Italy, with a GDP of €405,266 million in 2021. The region is home to the city of Milan, which is a major center of finance, fashion, and industry. Lombardia also has a strong agricultural sector and is known for its production of wine and cheese. The region's strategic location, excellent transportation infrastructure, and highly skilled workforce make it an attractive destination for businesses and investors.
  2. Lazio (197,709)
    Lazio, located in the central Italy, is the second wealthiest region in Italy, with a GDP of €197,709 million in 2021. The region is home to the city of Rome, which is the capital of Italy and a major tourist destination. Lazio also has a strong agricultural sector and is known for its production of wine and olive oil. The region's well-developed transportation infrastructure and highly skilled workforce make it an attractive destination for businesses and investors.
  3. Veneto (164,392)
    Veneto, located in the north of Italy, has a GDP of €164,392 million in 2021. The region is home to the city of Venice, which is a major tourist destination and also has a strong agricultural sector and is known for its production of wine and fruits. Veneto is also home to a number of small and medium-sized enterprises, which specialize in the production of textiles, footwear, and furniture. The region's well-developed transportation infrastructure and highly skilled workforce make it an attractive destination for businesses and investors.
  4. Emilia Romagna (163, 652.1)
    Emilia Romagna, located in the north of Italy, is known for its production of food products such as Parmigiano-Reggiano cheese and Prosciutto di Parma ham. The region is also home to the cities of Bologna and Ferrara, which are major centers of industry and culture. Emilia Romagna has a highly skilled workforce and a well-developed transportation infrastructure, which make it an attractive destination for businesses and investors.
  5. Piemonte (136,280.8)
    Piemonte, located in the northwest of Italy, is known for its production of wine and high-quality food products. The region is home to the city of Turin, which is a major industrial center and a center of the automotive industry. Piemonte is also home to many small and medium-sized enterprises that specialize in precision engineering, advanced technology, and environmental protection. The region's high-quality education system and research centers also make it a hub for innovation and entrepreneurship.
  6. Toscana (114,925.7)
    Toscana, located in the center of Italy, is known for its beautiful landscapes, rich cultural heritage, and high-quality tourism industry. The region is home to many historical towns, such as Florence, Siena and Pisa, which are major tourist destinations. Toscana also has a strong agricultural sector and is known for its production of high-quality wines, olive oil and fruits. The region's high-quality education system and research centers also make it a hub for innovation and entrepreneurship.
  7. Campania (110,124.6)
    Campania, located in the southern Italy, is the third wealthiest region in Italy, with a GDP of €110,124 million in 2021. The region is home to the city of Naples, which is a major port and industrial center. Campania also has a strong agricultural sector and is known for its production of fruits and vegetables. The region's well-developed transportation infrastructure and highly skilled workforce make it an attractive destination for businesses and investors.
  8. Sicilia (88,370.1)
    Sicilia, located in the south of Italy, is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea. The region is known for its beautiful coastline, which includes the famous Aeolian and Egadi Islands. The region's economy is largely based on tourism, with many tourists visiting the region to enjoy its beaches, fishing villages, and scenic walks. Sicilia is also home to a number of small and medium-sized enterprises, which specialize in the production of high-quality food products, textiles and furniture. The region is also a major producer of olive oil, wine and citrus fruits.
  9. Puglia (76,316.3)
    Puglia, located in the south-eastern Italy, is known for its beautiful coastline, which includes the famous Salento and Gargano Peninsulas. The region's economy is largely based on tourism, with many tourists visiting the region to enjoy its beaches, fishing villages, and scenic walks. Puglia is also home to a number of small and medium-sized enterprises, which specialize in the production of high-quality food products, textiles and furniture. The region is also a major producer of olive oil and wine.
  10. Liguria (48,761.2)
    Liguria, located in the northwest of Italy, is known for its beautiful coastline, which includes the famous Cinque Terre and the Gulf of Genoa. The region's economy is largely based on tourism, with many tourists visiting the region to enjoy its beaches, fishing villages, and scenic walks. Liguria is also home to a number of small and medium-sized enterprises, which specialize in the production of high-quality food products and textiles.
  11. Trentino Alto Adige (47,281.3)
    Trentino Alto Adige, located in the north of Italy, is known for its beautiful alpine scenery and high-quality tourism industry. The region is home to many ski resorts, hiking trails, and other outdoor activities, which attract tourists from all over the world. Trentino Alto Adige also has a strong agricultural sector and is known for its production of high-quality fruits and vegetables, as well as its wine and dairy industries. The region's high-quality education system and research centers also make it a hub for innovation and entrepreneurship.
  12. Marche (42,256.9)
    Marche, located in the center of Italy, is known for its beautiful landscapes and rich cultural heritage. The region has a strong agricultural sector and is known for its production of high-quality fruits, vegetables, and olive oil. Marche is also home to many small and medium-sized enterprises, which specialize in the production of footwear, machinery, and other goods. The region's well-developed transportation infrastructure and highly skilled workforce make it an attractive destination for businesses and investors.
  13. Friuli Venezia Giulia (39,104.1)
    Friuli Venezia Giulia, located in the northeast of Italy, is known for its diverse and dynamic economy. The region has a strong agricultural sector and is known for its production of high-quality wines, fruits, and vegetables. Friuli Venezia Giulia is also home to many small and medium-sized enterprises, which specialize in the production of textiles, machinery, and other goods. The region's well-developed transportation infrastructure and highly skilled workforce make it an attractive destination for businesses and investors.
  14. Sardegna (34,547.1)
    Sardegna, located in the west of Italy, is the second largest island in the Mediterranean Sea. The region is known for its beautiful coastline, which includes the famous Costa Smeralda and the Gulf of Orosei. The region's economy is largely based on tourism, with many tourists visiting the region to enjoy its beaches, fishing villages, and scenic walks. Sardegna is also home to a number of small and medium-sized enterprises, which specialize in the production of high-quality food products, textiles and furniture. The region is also a major producer of olive oil and wine.
  15. Calabria (32,692.0)
    Calabria, located in the south of Italy, is known for its beautiful coastline, which includes the famous Costa degli Dei and the Gulf of Squillace. The region's economy is largely based on tourism, with many tourists visiting the region to enjoy its beaches, fishing villages, and scenic walks. Calabria is also home to a number of small and medium-sized enterprises, which specialize in the production of high-quality food products, textiles and furniture. The region is also a major producer of olive oil and wine.
  16. Abruzzo (32,588.1)
    Abruzzo, located in the south-central Italy, is known for its beautiful landscapes, rich cultural heritage and high-quality tourism industry. The region is home to many historical towns, such as L'Aquila and Chieti, which are major tourist destinations. Abruzzo also has a strong agricultural sector and is known for its production of high-quality wines, olive oil and truffles. The region's well-developed transportation infrastructure and highly skilled workforce make it an attractive destination for businesses and investors.
  17. Umbria (22,724.2)
    Umbria, located in the center of Italy, is known for its beautiful landscapes, rich cultural heritage and high-quality tourism industry. The region is home to many historical towns, such as Perugia and Assisi, which are major tourist destinations. Umbria also has a strong agricultural sector and is known for its production of high-quality wines, olive oil and truffles. The region's high-quality education system and research centers also make it a hub for innovation and entrepreneurship.
  18. Basilicata (12,746.7)
    Basilicata, located in the south-western Italy, is known for its beautiful landscapes, rich cultural heritage and high-quality tourism industry. The region is home to many historical towns, such as Matera, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Basilicata also has a strong agricultural sector and is known for its production of high-quality fruits and vegetables, as well as its wine and dairy industries. The region is also rich in natural resources such as coal and oil.
  19. Molise (6,362.5)
    Molise, located in the south-central Italy, is known for its beautiful landscapes, rich cultural heritage and high-quality tourism industry. The region is home to many historical towns, such as Campobasso and Isernia, which are major tourist destinations. Molise also has a strong agricultural sector and is known for its production of high-quality wines, olive oil and truffles. The region's well-developed transportation infrastructure and highly skilled workforce make it an attractive destination for businesses and investors.
  20. Valle d'Aosta (4,739.4)
    Valle d'Aosta, located in the northwest of Italy, is the smallest and least populous region of Italy. Despite its small size and population, the region has a strong economy, thanks to its beautiful natural scenery, rich cultural heritage, and developed tourism industry. The region is home to many ski resorts, hiking trails, and other outdoor activities, which attract tourists from all over the world. Valle d'Aosta is also known for its production of high-quality wines and cheeses.

Featured image source: wikimedia

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