The Most Important Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Rome

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A comprehensive list of more than 300 Roman gods, deities, and supernatural beings.

Ancient Roman deities are the gods and goddesses worshipped in the ancient Roman Empire. The Roman pantheon consisted mainly of deities of ancient Italic origin who, as a result of the influence of other peoples, were assimilated with foreign, especially Greek, deities. Roman deities were imagined with human likenesses and life habits similar to that of humans, whose personal histories very often intertwined with their own, not only in love affairs but also in warfare. The deities had superhuman qualities and powers but reflected the characteristics of the people. They quarreled frequently and were jealous of each other.

Related article: Demons, Monsters, and Ghosts of the Italian Folklore, Ancient Roman Magic and Superstition

The most widely known deities were those that the Romans identified with their Greek counterparts, integrating Greek myths, iconography, and sometimes religious practices into Roman culture, art, religious life, and literature. In any case, most of the many Roman gods remain obscure. Only the name and function of many archaic gods are known through inscriptions or text fragments. Most of them date back to the era of kings, the “religion of Numa”, which was perpetuated or revitalized over the centuries.

Roman imperial cult identified emperors, some members of their families, and the Empire, with the divinely sanctioned authority (auctoritas) of the Roman State, and we will address this topic in another article.

The twelve most important gods and goddesses are represented by pictures sitting on couches as though they were there and taking part in banquets, called lectisternium. Varro refers to twelve gods with gilded pictures that were present in the forum as Dii Consentes (sometimes seen as the Roman equivalent of the Greek Olympians). These were similarly arranged into six pairs of men and women arranged by Augustan historian Livy in gender-balanced pairs:


A flamen was an ancient Roman priest who served one of the 18 gods that had official cults under the Roman Republic. The three flamines maiores (or “great priests”), who served the significant Roman deities Jupiter, Mars, and Quirinus, were the most significant of them. The flamines minores made up the remaining twelve (“lesser priests”).

Below we provide a list of more than 300 Roman deities with descriptions, images, facts and myths.

Apollo, Neptune, Pluto, and Athena
Apollo, Neptune, Pluto, and Athena seated on a cloud under an arch, an oval composition, from a series of eight compositions after Francesco Primaticcio s designs for the ceiling of the Ulysses Gallery (destroyed 1738-39) at Fontainebleau, ca. 1560–69 (source)



In ancient Roman religion, Abundantia, sometimes known as Abundita or Copia, was a celestial personification of abundance and prosperity.

Abeona and Adeona

Abeona guards departures, such as children leaving their parents’ homes for the first time or taking their first steps. Adeona is the patroness of the return of children to their parent’s homes.

Acca Larentia

Acca Larentia was a fertility goddess. She raised and later adopted Romulus, the founder of Rome.


Acis was the god of the river Acis which flows through Etna.


Aequitas served as a divine personification in the Roman Empire and was a part of the emperor’s religious propaganda.

Aeracura (Erecura), Cura

Ancient cultures revered the goddess Erecura, often spelled Aerecura, who is commonly portrayed as descended from the Celts.


Aeternitas was the divine personification of eternity.


Africus or Africus is the god of the southwest wind. He is equivalent to the Greek Lips.

Aeon, Aion

The Hellenistic deity Aion (Aeon in Latin) is linked to time, the sphere or circle that surrounds the world, and the zodiac.


Ancient Greek gods known as Agathodaimon were supernatural or individual companion spirits, like the Roman genii, who gave luck, fertility, health, protection, and knowledge.


Agenoria was a Roman goddess of action (actus).

Aius Locutius

Aius Locutius or Aius Loquens was a Roman god or numen connected to the early 4th-century BC Gallic assaults of Rome.


Archaic birth and childhood deity. Alemona nourishes the embryo or generally nourishes its growth in utero.

Alernus, Helernus

Archaic Roman deity Helernus, or Alernus, was a minor underworld deity, and a sacred grove near TIber River.


Altor is invoked with Rusor by the pontiffs in a sacrifice to the earth deities Tellus and Tellumo.


Angerona served as Rome’s protector goddess and guardian of the city’s holy name.


Archaic minor Roman deity.


Angitia was revered as a deity by the Oscan-Umbrian tribes of central Italy, including the Marsi, Paeligni, and others.

Anna Perenna

An ancient Roman goddess named Anna Perenna oversaw the passage of time or, more precisely, the year’s eternal renewal.


In contrast to the goddess Abundantia, who ruled over several seasons, Annona is the goddess of supply and abundance.

Antevorta, Porrima

Antevorta is the goddess of the future and, opposing Postvorta, presides over the birth of children when they are in the cephalic position.

Apollo [Di selecti]

Apollo is, in Greek and Roman religion, the god of music, medical arts, science, intellect, the sun and prophecy.


Aquilo is the god of the north-northeast wind.


The Roman goddess of gardens, Aprus, was in charge of overseeing the blossoming of flower corollas.

Asclepius, Aesculapius

In ancient Greek religion and mythology, Asclepius is a hero and a god of medicine and a son of Apollo. He was associated with Imhotep, an Egyptian god, and the Roman/Etruscan god Vejovis.


Arimanius is ta mysterious deity thought to be the opposite of Oromazes, the god of light, and is mentioned in five Latin inscriptions and a few Greek literary writings.


Greek mythology describes Artemis as the goddess of archery, untamed creatures, the forest, and female initiations as well as the moon and the protector of virginity and modesty. Her Roman equivalent is Diana.


Cybele’s husband in Greek and Phrygian mythology was Attis. The origin myths of Attis’s self-castration claim that his priests were eunuchs or Galli.


Aura is a breeze-related minor god from Greek and Roman mythology.


In Roman mythology, Aurora is the goddess of the sunrise.


Austerulnotus is the god of the south wind.


Averruncus is a deity of protection in the religion of ancient Rome.


Bacchus (Dionysus)

Bacchus, is the god of the grape harvest, winemaking, orchards and fruit, greenery, fertility, insanity, ceremonial lunacy, religious ecstasy, celebration, and theater.


Bellona is an ancient Roman goddess of war.

Bona Dea

Bona Dea was a deity linked to Roman women’s virginity and fertility, healing, and the nation’s and people’s safety.

Bonus Eventus

The god Bonus Eventus, or “Good Outcome,” was revered in early Roman religion.


Bubona, who is believed to have been a goddess of cattle in ancient Roman mythology, is only mentioned by Saint Augustine.



Caca is the giantess sister of Cacus, the son of Vulcan who stole cattle from Hercules during the course of his western labors.


Cacus is a fire-breathing giant and the son of Vulcan in Roman mythology.

Caelus (Uranus)

A primary sky deity in Roman mythology, theology, iconography, and literature, Caelus was the roman counterpart of Uranus.


The Camenae were once four deities associated with prophecy, wells, springs, and childbearing in Roman mythology: Carmenta, Egeria, Antevorta, and Postvorta.


Archaic minor Roman deity.


Cardea or Carda was the ancient Roman goddess of the hinge. She was originally the nymph Carna.

Carmenta [Minor flamens]

Carmenta, also known as Nicostrata, is one of the Camenae goddesses and a member of the Di indigetes in Roman religion.


The nymph Carna lived close to the Tiber river in an old grove named Alerno.


Archaic minor Roman deity.

Catius pater

Children’s minds are said to be sharpened by “Father Catius” as they grow cognitively.

Ceres [Minor flamens] [Di selecti]

Ceres was a goddess of agriculture, grain harvests, fertility, and maternal ties.


Archaic minor Roman deity of the marriage bed (di coniugales).


Circius is the god of the north-northwest wind.


Clementia was the goddess of mercy, forgiveness, and redemption in Roman mythology.


The Cloaca Maxima, or “Greatest Drain,” was controlled by the goddess Cloacina. It was the major interceptor discharge outfall of the Roman sewage system.


Concordia, a goddess in pre-Christian Roman mythology, represents harmony in marriage and society.


One of the twelve Ceres’ helper god (indigimenta). “He who stores the grain”.


The deity Consus was the guardian of grains and a grain seed served as his representation.

Convector (Conuector)

One of the twelve Ceres’ helper god (indigimenta). “He who carries the grain”


Copia is a Roman deity who personifies abundance. She was identified by the Romans with the goat Amalthea who suckled Zeus with her own milk.

Corus or Caurus

Caurus or Corus is an old Roman wind-deity and he is the god of the wind of northwest. Caurus is equivalent to the Greek Skiron. Argestes is probably another name for him.


Archaic minor Roman deity. Cuba keeps the child quiet in his cot.


Cunina is an archaic birth and childhood deity. She protects the cradle from malevolent magic.


Cupid is the god of desire, erotic love, affection, and attraction.


Cura was the one who gave birth to the first person.


In Rome, Cybele was given the name Magna Mater (“Great Mother”).


Dea Dia

Dea Dia was a fertility and growth goddess in the ancient Roman pantheon.

Dea Tacita

In Roman mythology, Dea Tacita, often known as “the quiet goddess,” was a goddess of the dead.


Decima was one of the three Parcae. She was in charge of birth along with Nona.


Archaic minor Roman deity.


One of the three gods that guarded midwives and women giving birth was Deverra.

Destiny, Fate

Destiny, sometimes referred to as fate, is a predetermined course of events. It may be conceived as a predetermined future, whether in general or of an individual.

Diana [Sabine god] [Di selecti]

Diana is the deity of the forests, keeper of wild animals, guardian of springs and streams, protector of women, to whom she ensured painless births, and dispenser of sovereignty.

Diana Nemorensis

“Diana of the Wood,” was an italiac goddess confused with Artemis in the fourth century BC.

Di indigetes

The “indigenous gods” of early Roman religion.

Di Selecti

The twenty principal gods of Roman religion.

Dii Consentes

The Dii Consentes, is an ancient list of twelve major deities, six gods, and six goddesses, in the pantheon of Ancient Rome according to the poet Ennius: Juno, Vesta, Minerva, Ceres, Diana, Venus; Mars, Mercurius, Iovis, Neptunus, Vulcanus, Apollo.

Di Inferi

Di Inferi, the gods below, was the name used by the Romans to refer to the gods of the underworld

Di Nixi, Nixi, Nixae

In ancient Roman religion, the di nixi (or dii nixi), also Nixae, were birth deities. They were depicted kneeling or squatting, a more common birthing position in antiquity than in the modern era. The Nixi or Nixae may have also been connected to new life in the sense of theological rebirth or salvation due to their role as keepers of the threshold of life.

Di Penates

The Di Penates or Penates were the household deities most commonly invoked in domestic ceremonies.


Dies (“day”) was the personification of day.


She is the personification of discipline.


Discordia is the goddess of strife and discord.

Dīs Pater, Rex Infernus

Dīs Pater, also known as Rex Infernus is a Roman god of the underworld


In ancient Roman religion, a minor goddess known as Disciplina represented discipline.

Dius Fidus

Archaic minor Roman deity.


Archaic minor Roman deity. On their walk back to their parents’ house, children are protected by the goddess Domiduca.

Domitius, Domiducus

Archaic minor Roman deity.


Archaic minor Roman deity.



Edusa is an archaic birth and childhood deity.


Egeria is one of the ancient Latin goddesses of spring waters, the Camenas, in Roman mythology.


Archaic minor Roman deity.

Empanda, Panda

Empanda was the goddess of the rustics or possibly an epithet of Juno.


Archaic minor Roman deity.


Ephirus is the god of the west wind.


Epona was the goddess of horses, ponies, donkeys, and mules in the Gallo-Roman pantheon.


Euroauster is the god of the south-southeast wind.


Euronotus is the god of the south-southwest wind.


Eurus is the god of the southeast wind.


The Lupercalia celebration was started by Evander, who was the son of the deity Mercury and the nymph Carmenta.



Archaic birth and childhood deity. Fabulinus. It was believed that Fabulinus taught kids how to talk.

Falacer [Minor flamens]

Falacer was an ancient Italic deity.


In Roman mythology, the phallic deity Fascinus offered protection from the evil eye and invidia (envy).


The protector of Ferentinum in Latium.


Fama was the personification of fame and renown, her favour being notability, her wrath being scandalous rumours.


Farinus is an archaic birth and childhood deity. Farinus enables speech.

Fauna, Fatua

The Roman goddess Fauna is either Faunus’ wife, sister, or daughter.


Faunus was the horned deity of the woods, plains, and fields in ancient Roman mythology and myth.


Faustitas was the goddess protecting the herd and livestock. She reportedly accompanied Ceres as they traversed farmlands to ensure their fruitfulness.


Febris was a deity who personified and protected against malaria and fever.


In pre-Christian Roman religion, the god of purification was called Februus, whose name means “purifier.”


Fecunditas which means “fertility” in Latin, was the goddess of fertility. She was shown as a matron, sometimes with children in her arms or standing next to her, perhaps carrying a hasta pura or a cornucopia.


Felicitas was a deity of abundance, and success and presided over good fortune.


Patroness of Ferentinum in Latium.

Feronia [Sabine god]

Goddess of fertility, plenty, health, and wildlife.

Fides [Sabine god]

Fides was the goddess of faith (bona fides) and trust.

Flora [Sabine god] [Minor flamens]

Flora, a Roman goddess of flowers and the springtime, is a representation of nature and flowers.

Fluonia or Fluvionia

Archaic birth and childhood deity. Fluonia or Fluvionia, from fluo, fluere, “to flow,” is a form of Juno, who controls the nourishing blood of the womb.

Fons or Fontus [Sabine god]

Fontus or Fons was a god of wells and springs.


Fornax, the heavenly personification of the oven, was a revered figure in ancient Roman religion.

Fortuna [Sabine god]

She was the goddess of fortune and the personification of luck.


Fufluns was a deity of all plant life, joy, wine, health, and development in all things in the religion of the Etruscans.


Fulgora was the feminine representation of lightning. She was Astrape’s Roman equivalent.

Furrina [Minor flamens]

Furrina was a goddess of springs.


Genius [Di selecti]

The genius is a particular manifestation of a universal divine essence that permeates each and every person, location, and object.

Gratiae, Charites, Graces

The Gratiae are the goddesses of nature and vegetation, beauty, human creativity, goodwill.



In Ptolemaic Alexandria, the god of silence, secrecy, and confidentiality was known as Harpocrates.

Hecate, Trivia

Hecate or Hekate was the goddess of magic and crossroads and was the powerful lady of darkness, reigning over evil demons, the night, the moon, ghosts, and the dead in Greek mythology and religion.

Helius, Helios

Helios is the god and personification of the Sun in ancient Greek mythology. Helios is often given the epithets Hyperion (“the one above”) and Phaethon (“the shining”).


The Roman version of the Greek celestial hero Heracles, son of Jupiter and the human Alcmene, is Hercules.


Hermaphroditus was the mythological son of Aphrodite and Hermes.


Archaic minor Roman deity.

Hora, Hersilia

Hersilia was a character in the founding myth of Rome in Roman mythology.


Specialized agricultural god (indigimenta). Goddess who makes grain grow evenly.



One of the twelve Ceres’ helper god (indigimenta). “He who ploughs with a wide furrow”


The deified hero Aeneas is known as Jupiter Indiges, according to Roman historian Livy.


The twelve Ceres’ helper gods.


One of the twelve Ceres’ helper god (indigimenta). “He who plants seeds”


Archaic birth and childhood deity. Intercidona provides the axe without which trees cannot be cut (intercidere).


Archaic minor Roman deity.


Archaic minor Roman deity.

Iustitia (Lady Justice)

Iustitia was a deity in Roman mythology personifying Justice.


Juturna was the goddess of springs, wells, and fountains.



Jana, is regarded in Roman Mythology as the wife of Janus and confused with Diana. Some times she symbolizes the female aspect of the god seen as an androgynous being.

Janus [Di selecti]

In ancient Roman mythology and myth, Janus is the god of beginnings, gates, transitions, time, duality, entrances, passageways, frames, and ends.


Jugatinus is a conjugal god, from iugare, “to join, unite and marry”.

Juno [Di selecti]

Juno, the wife of Jupiter, was the ancient deity of marriage and childbirth, often depicted in the act of nursing.

Jupiter [Major flamens] [Di selecti]

Jupiter is the deity of the sky and thunder as well as the monarch of the gods.

Juventas, Iuventus, Juventus

Juventas was in charge of youth and rebirth. She was particularly revered by young men who were “fresh to wearing the toga” (dea novorum togatorum), or those who had recently reached adulthood.


Lactans or Lacturnus

Specialized agricultural god (indigimenta). Archaic minor Roman deity. He was the god who infuses crops with “milk” (sap or juice).

Lares [Sabine god]

Lares served as protective deities. They may have been guardians of the hearth, fields, boundaries or fruitfulness.

Larunda [Sabine god]

Larunda was a naiad nymph, daughter of the river Almo.

Latona, Leto

Latona, or Leto, was the mother of Apollo and Artemis.


Laverna was the protector of thieves and impostors and associated with the underworld.


Lemures—”night spirits,” are the spirits of the dead; they are viewed as vampires—souls that cannot find rest due to their violent deaths.


Levana is a birth and childhood deity. She was the goddess who oversaw the lifting of the child by the midwife immediately after birth  in symbolic contact with Mother Earth.

Liber Pater [Di selecti]

Liber or Liber Pater was the Italic god of fertility, wine, male fertility and freedom.


Libera was the female counterpart of Liber Pater in early Roman religion.


Archaic minor Roman deity.  Goddess or personification of generosity.


Libertas was a deity of ancient Rome who personified Liberty.


Libitina was an ancient Roman funeral and burial goddess .


Archaic minor Roman deity.


Archaic birth and childhood deity. Locutius enables children to form sentences.


Roman soldiers would sacrifice confiscated weapons to the goddess Lua.

Lucina [Sabine god]

Lucina is a goddess of Roman mythology of Etruscan origin. She was the goddess of childbirth and safeguarded women in labor. She introduces the baby to the light (lux, lucis).


The planet Venus was known as Lucifer (“light-bringer”), albeit it was sometimes portrayed as a man holding a torch.

Luna [Sabine god] [Di selecti]

Luna was the personification of the moon.


Lupercus guarded the harvest, farmers, and herds of wild animals.


The Lympha is an ancient Roman deity of fresh water similar to the nymphs.



Maia is an ancient goddess of fertility and the awakening of nature in spring in Roman mythology.

Mana Genita

Mana Genita is an archaic goddess that is only referenced by Pliny, Plutarch, and Horace.


The Manes or Di Manes are chthonic deities in ancient Roman religion who are often supposed to symbolize the spirits of departed loved ones.

Mars [Major flamens] [Di selecti]

Mars is the god of war and, according to the most archaic mythology, also of thunder, rain, and fertility.

Mater Larum, Mother of the Lares, Mania

She is referred to by Ovid as Tacita, Muta, and Lara (the silent one). Later Roman authors adopted the word to refer to a “evil spirit” in general.

Mater Matuta

The Romans equated the native Latin deity Mater Matuta with the Greek goddess Eos and the dawn goddess Aurora.


Matres and Matronae were worshipped in Northwestern Europe between the first and fifth centuries AD.


Meditrina was a goddess invented to account for the origin of the festival Meditrinalia.


Mefitis was a minor goddess of the deadly gases released from the earth in marshes and volcanic vapors in Roman mythology.


Archaic minor Roman deity.


Mena in Roman mythology is the name of the goddess of fertility and menstruation.


Archaic birth and childhood deity. Mens (“Mind”) provides children with intelligence.


Specialized agricultural god (indigimenta). The female equivalent of Messor the reaper, and associated with Tutelina.


One of the twelve Ceres’ helper god (indigimenta). “He who reaps”

Mercury [Di selecti]

Mercury was considered the protector of commerce, travelers, thieves, eloquence, athletics, transformations of all kinds, speed, dexterity, and pharmacy.

Minerva [Sabine god] [Di selecti]

Minerva is the goddess of wisdom, justice, and the law. She is also the patroness of the arts, business, and strategy.


Roman mystery religion Mithraism, also known as the Mithraic mysteries or the Cult of Mithras, was based on the god Mithras.


daughters of Mars, probable goddesses of of the mill.


The term “Moneta” was used to refer to two different goddesses: Juno Moneta and the goddess of memory.


Mors is the personification of death.


Morta was one of the three Parcae. Morta was in charge of supervising death.


Murcia was an ancient and obscure Roman deity.

Mutunus Tutunus, Mutinus Titinus

Mutinus Titinus was a phallic marriage deity.


Naenia Dea

Naenia Dea was an ancient funeral deity of Rome.


Natio was a goddess of birth, and a protector of women in labor.


Romanized Ananke, the goddess of destiny.

Nemesis, Rhamnousia

Nemesis is the goddess who enacts retribution against those who succumb to hubris, arrogance before the gods.

Neptune [Di selecti]

Neptune is the god of freshwaters and sea.


Nerio (or Neriene) was a war goddess and the embodiment of bravery in ancient Roman religion and myth.


The goddess Neverita was paired with Consus and Neptune in Martianus Capella’s Etrusco-Roman horoscope.


Specialized agricultural god (indigimenta). Noduterensis or Terensis is the god of threshing.


Specialized agricultural god (indigimenta). He is god who causes the “knot” (Latin nodus) or node to form.


Nona was one of the three Parcae. Nona was meant to calculate a person’s lifetime and was in charge of birth along with Decima.

Nortia, Nurtia

Nurtia, or Nortia in Latin, was an Etruscan goddess of time, fate, destiny, and chance.


The nine major gods of Etruscan mythology were known as Novensilus in Roman mythology.

Nox, Nyx, The Night

Now is a Roman Goddess, personification of the night, equivalent to the Greek deity Nyx.


Numeria is an archaic birth and childhood deity. She gives the child the ability to count.


Nundina is an archaic birth and childhood deity. She presides over the dies lustricus.



One of the twelve Ceres’ helper god (indigimenta). “He who traces the first ploughing”.


One of the twelve Ceres’ helper god (indigimenta). “He who harrows”.

Ops, Opi [Sabine god]

Ops is a Roman archaic fertility deity that represents the earth and distributes agricultural plenty of Sabine origin.


Orbona, the goddess of childbirth in Roman mythology, was the one who bestowed childbirth onto parents who had grown barren. She was also the patron goddess of children, particularly orphans.

Orcus [Di selecti]

Orcus was a deity of the underworld who punished people for breaking pledges.


Ossipago is an archaic birth and childhood deity.


Palatua [Minor flamens]

Palatua was the protector of the Palatine Hill.

Pales [Sabine god]

Pales was a shepherd, flock, and livestock deity in the religion of the ancient Romans.

Parcae (Partula, Moirae, Fates)

The three Parcae (Decima, Nona, Morta) were the feminine personifications of fate who oversaw the lives and deaths of both mortals and gods in ancient Roman religion and myth.


Specialized agricultural god (indigimenta). Patelana, who may be alluding to the appearance of the flag leaf, is the goddess who opens up (pateo, patere) the grain.


Paventia or Paventina is an archaic birth and childhood deity. She averts fear (pavor) from the child.


Pax was the goddess of the Peace.


Archaic birth and childhood deity.


Philotes was the personification of love and passion in Greek mythology and Night’s daughter.


Pilumnus is an archaic birth and childhood deity.


The celestial personification Pietas represented the pietas, one of the most important qualities among the ancient Romans, which may be translated as “loyalty,” “devotion,” or “filial piety.”


Picus was the son of Saturn and the founder of the first Latin tribe and settlement, Laurentum, near Rome.


Pilumnus is an archaic birth and childhood deity.

Pluto, Plouton

Greek Plouton is a word for the deity who rules the hereafter that was made famous by mystery religions and Greek philosophy. It is occasionally used in Latin literature and is frequently confused with Dis pater or Orcus.

Pomona [Minor flamens]

Pomona was a goddess of abundant fruit in the mythology of ancient Rome.

Portunus [Minor flamens]

Portunus was an ancient god of locks, gates, animals, and ports.


Porus is the personification of abundance. He is the maternal half-brother of Athena.

Postvorta, Postverta

Postvorta was one of the two Carmentes and the goddess of the past in Roman mythology along with her sister Antevorta.


Potina (Potica or Potua) is an archaic birth and childhood deity. She enables the child to drink.


Prema is an archaic Roman goddess and is the insistent sexual act.


Priapus is the subject of the often humorously obscene collection of verses called the Priapeia in Roman erotic art.


One of the twelve Ceres’ helper god (indigimenta). “He who distributes the grain”


Proserpina was the queen of the underworld, daughter of Ceres and Pluto.


Providentia is a celestial personification of the capacity for foresee and make provision in the religion of ancient Rome.


The Roman goddess Pudicitia represented the virtue which may be translated as “modesty” or “sexual virtue,” a central idea in ancient Roman sexual ethics.


According to Arnobius, Puta was a minor goddess of agriculture and oversaw tree trimming in Roman mythology.



The Querquetulanae were nymphs of the oak grove (querquetum) at a stage of producing green growth.

Quirinus [Sabine god] [Major flamens]

Quirinus is an archaic Roman state deity in mythology and religion.


Quiritis was the Sabine goddess of motherhood.



One of the twelve Ceres’ helper god (indigimenta). He prepared fallow land for crops.


One of the twelve Ceres’ helper god (indigimenta). “He who prepares the earth”.

Robigus, Robigo, Robigine

Robigus is the Roman god of stem rust.


Roma is a goddess in the Roman religion who personified the city of Rome and, more generally, the Roman state.


The founder and the first king of Rome.


Rumina is an archaic birth and childhood deity. The goddess of the breastfeeding.


Specialized agricultural god (indigimenta). Runcina is the weeder goddess, or a goddess of mowing.


Specialized agricultural god (indigimenta). Goddess of the fields.


Specialized agricultural god (indigimenta). Rusor is invoked with Altor by the pontiffs in a sacrifice to the earth deities Tellus and Tellumo.


Sabazius, Sabadios

Sabazius, an origin deity from Thracia or Anatolia, gained popularity in the Roman Empire and was linked to both Jupiter and Dionysos.


Salacia is an ancient goddess of salt water and guardian of the depths of the ocean.

Salus [Sabine god]

Salus was the Roman goddess of security, welfare, health, and prosperity for both the individual and the state.

Sancus, Semo, Sangus

Sancus, was a deity of fidelity (fides), honesty, and oaths in the religion of the ancient Romans.


Specialized agricultural god (indigimenta). The “sower” god.

Saturn [Sabine god] [Di selecti]

Saturnus is an ancient deity worshipped by the Romans, considered the founder of agriculture and civilization.

Scotus, Erebus

The god of darkness.


Securitas was the goddess of security and stability.


Specialized agricultural god (indigimenta). Goddess who promotes the growth of the seedling.


Semonia was the goddess of sowing in Roman mythology.

Sentinus or Sentia

Sentinus or Sentia is a birth and childhood deity. Sentia gives sentience or the powers of sense perception (sensus). Augustine calls him the sensificator, “creator of sentience.


Specialized agricultural god (indigimenta). Goddess who guards the plant’s seed after it has been planted in the ground; also known as Fructesea, a compound of fructus, “produce, fruit”.


Septentrio is the god of the north wind.


One of the twelve Ceres’ helper god (indigimenta). “He who digs”.


Silvanus is the god of the forests and the countryside.

Sol, Sol Invictus [Sabine god] [Di selecti]

Sol is the personification of the Sun.

Somnus, Hypnos

Somnus is a Roman god equivalent to the Greek Hypnos. He is regarded as a peaceful and gentle deity who helps the people while sleeping.


Soranus was an ancient italic deity.


Sors was a god of good fortune. 


Spes was regarded as the goddess of hope in early Roman religion.


Spiniensis was the deity of thorns.

Stata Mater

Stata Mater  was a compital goddess who protected against fire.

Statina, Statinus, Statilina, Statilinus

Statina is a birth and childhood deity. She provides the child “straightness,” and the father held acknowledge his responsibility to raise it. Children may be left behind at the Columna Lactaria or the Temple of Pietas. Serious congenital abnormalities may cause newborns to drown or suffocate.


Sterquilinus was a deity of odor in Roman mythology.


Strēnŭa was a deity of Sabine origin and a symbol of the new year, prosperity and good luck.


Subigus, an ancient Roman god of birth, is the one who forces the bride to submit to her husband.

Suada, Suadela

Suadela was the goddess of persuasion in Roman mythology, especially in the areas of romance, seduction, and love.

Summanus [Sabine god]

In contrast to Jupiter, who was the god of diurnal (daytime) thunder, Summanus was the deity of nocturnal thunder.


One of the twelve Ceres’ helper god (indigimenta). “He who weeds”.


Subsolanus is the god of the east wind.

Sulis Minerva

The Celtic deities Sul and Minerva were combined to form Sulis Minerva.



Talasius is a god of marriage in Roman mythology.

Terra Mater, Tellus [Di selecti]

Tellus Mater or Terra Mater (“Mother Earth”) is the personification of the Earth in ancient Roman religion and mythology.


Tellumo is the male counterpart of Terra Mater.


Tempestas is the goddess of storms or abrupt weather in ancient Roman mythology.

Terminus [Sabine god]

Terminus was the god who protected boundary markers.


Tiberinus was the god of the Tiber River.


Tibertus was a river god, deity of the river Anio, a tributary of the Tiber.


The personification of serenity was Tranquillitas. Tranquillitas appears to be connected to Securitas and Annona, the Egyptian goddess of the corn harvest, suggesting an allusion to the tranquil security of the Roman Empire.


Specialized agricultural god (indigimenta). Tutelina  is a goddess who watches over the stored grain.


Ultio, Poena

Ultio, sometimes known as “Vengeance,” was a goddess of ancient Rome whose religion was linked to Mars.



Vacuna was an ancient Sabine goddess.

Vaginatus (Vaticanus)

Vaginatus is a birth and childhood deity. Vagitanus opens the newborn’s mouth for its first cry.

Vejovis, Vediovus [Sabine god]

Vejovis, sometimes known as Vēdiovis or Vejove, was an Etruscan-born Roman deity associated with Asclepius.


Sea goddess Venilia or Venelia, consort of Neptune or Faunus.


Venti is a group of wind deities of the Roman religion, equivalent to the Greek Anemoi. Ptolomy’s world map listed 12 winds: Septentrio (N), Aquilo (NNE), Vulturnus (NE), Subsolanus (E), Eurus (SE), Euroauster (SSE), Austerulnotus (S), Euronotus (SSW), Affricus (SW), Ephirus (W), Eurus (NW), Circius (NNW).

Venus [Di selecti]

Venus is a Roman goddess of love, beauty, desire, sex, fertility, prosperity, and victory.


Veritas is the Goddess of Truth in Roman mythology.


Verminus was the Roman deity who guarded livestock against illness in Roman mythology.


One of the twelve Ceres’ helper god (indigimenta). “He who ploughs”.

Vertumnus [Sabine god]

Vertumnus is the deity of gardens, fruit trees, and the changing of the seasons in Roman mythology.

Vesta [Di selecti]

In Roman mythology, Vesta was the virgin goddess of the hearth, home, and family.

Vica Pota

Vica Pota was the elder version of Victoria but certainly not a personification of victory per se.


Victoria was the personification of the goddess of triumph.


God who separated the soul and body after death.

Virbius (Hippolytus of Athens)

Virbius is a character (Hippolytus of Athens) from Greek mythology transposed to Roman mythology.


Viriplaca was “the goddess who soothes the anger of man” and was given to Juno as a last name, designating her as the bringer of harmony between married couples.


In Roman mythology, Virtus was the deity of courage and military strength, the personification of Roman virtus (virtue, valor).


Vitumnus endows the fetus with vita, the vital principle or power of life.

Volturnus [Minor flamens]

Volturnu was a god of the rivers.


Vulturnus is the god of the northeast wind.


The goddess of “sensual pleasures”, daughter of Cupid and Psyche.


Specialized agricultural god (indigimenta). The goddess Volutina is responsible for the formation of “envelopes” (involumenta) or leaf sheaths.

Vulcan [Sabine god] [Minor flamens] [Di selecti]

Vulcan is the Roman god of fire, including the fire of volcanoes, deserts, metalworking and the forge, earthly eruption and destruction .

Volumnus or Volumna

Volumnus or Volumna grants the child the will to do good.

Featured image: Joachim Wtewael – The Wedding of Cupid and Psyche



Hersilia, Hora

Latona, Leto, the Mother of Apollo

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