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Top Italian car brands include names such as Ferrari, Lamborghini, and Maserati, synonymous with luxury, speed, and aerodynamics.
The following is a list of some of the most famous Italian car brands that over the decades managed to become internationally renowned, embodying the spirit of Italian design thanks to talents such as Ferrari, Giugiaro, and Pininfarina.
Featured image: The autodrome on the roof of the Fiat factories in Turin (at the Lingotto – 1928)
Alfa Romeo was founded on 24 June 1910 in Milan. The brand is famous all over the world for the production of luxury sports cars and has participated in motor racing since 1911, both as a manufacturer and as an engine supplier. In 1986 it was acquired by Fiat Group.
Lancia was founded by Vincenzo Lancia in 1906. In 1969 it became part of the Fiat Group. Lancia is synonymous with rally races, especially between the 70s and 80s, winning numerous World Championships. Since 2011, the company has also started to produce Chrysler models in Europe.
Fiat, now known internationally as FCA (Fiat Chrysler Automobiles), is an Italian car company founded in 1899 when it produced its first model, the Fiat 4 HP. Fiat is undoubtedly the largest car manufacturer in Italy and today is a company with a multinational profile. In 2014 Fiat S.p.A. merged with Chrysler to form an international conglomerate based in the Netherlands.
Maserati is an Italian luxury sports car manufacturer founded in Bologna, now based in Modena and founded in 1914, and for a long time engaged in different car categories thanks to its Racing Team.
Ferrari S.p.A. is an Italian car manufacturer founded by Enzo Ferrari in 1947 in Maranello in the province of Modena. Ferrari produces high-end sports and racing cars and is committed to motorsport: it is the most titled racing team in the Formula One World Championship, where it has won fifteen drivers’ titles and sixteen constructors’ titles, as well as one of the most successful in sports car competitions.
Lamborghini Automobili is an Italian luxury car manufacturer, which today belongs to Audi. Founded in 1963 by Ferruccio Lamborghini, the headquarters and the only production plant have always been located in Sant’Agata Bolognese, where over 1,400 employees work. Although it is the result of an entrepreneurial project started some time before, the foundation of Lamborghini is traditionally traced back to a dispute between Enzo Ferrari and Ferruccio Lamborghini.
Pagani Automobili is an Italian car manufacturer, specialized in the production of sports cars. The company was founded in San Cesario sul Panaro, in Emilia-Romagna, by the Italo-Argentinian Horacio Pagani, a great admirer of the Italian-Argentinian driver Juan Manuel Fangio.
Italdesign Giugiaro is an Italian company founded in Turin on 13 February 1968 by Giorgetto Giugiaro and Aldo Mantovani under the original name of SIRP Società Italiana Realizzazione Prototipi S.p.A. The company was founded as a design centre for the automotive world; since its foundation Italdesign has established partnerships with leading car manufacturers such as Alfa Romeo, FIAT, Hyundai, Mitsubishi. On 25 May 2010, Volkswagen AG acquired 90.1% of the capital of Italdesign Giugiaro. Giugiaro created the design of many iconic cars such as Volkswagen Passat, Volkswagen Scirocco, Volkswagen Golf, DMC DeLorean, Audi 80, Ford Maya, Lotus Esprit, Volkswagen Porsche Tapiro, Lancia Delta, Lancia Prisma, and many others.
Abarth is an Italian car manufacturer, founded on 31 March 1949 by the Italian-Austrian engineer Carlo Abarth and the driver Guido Scagliarini.
Founded as a sports team, focused on the production of small displacement sports cars, it owes its success above all to the homonymous car’s mufflers, produced for several car manufacturers such as FIAT, Alfa Romeo, Lancia, SIMCA and Porsche.
The company is 100% controlled by FCA Italy. Relaunched since 2007, under the name Abarth & C. SpA, the company is involved in the production and marketing of sports versions and elaborations of FIAT cars under the Abarth brand.
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