1908 Messina Earthquake and Tsunami, 25 images

In 1908 an earthquake and tsunami hit Messina and Reggio (in the Messina Strait, Sicily-Calabria) causing 123,000 deaths.

Weird Italy 1908-messina-earthquake-map 1908 Messina Earthquake and Tsunami, 25 images Italian History Magazine  tsunami Strait of Messina sicilia reggio calabria messina 1908 tsunami 1908 earthquake 1908   Both cities were almost completely destroyed.

On December 28, 1908 the ground shook for some 30 to 40 seconds, and the destruction was felt within a 300-kilometer (186-mile) radius (magnitude of 6.7-7.2).

A 12-meter (39-foot) tsunami struck nearby coasts, causing even more devastation; 91% of structures in Messina were destroyed and some 70,000 residents were killed. [Wikipedia]

Weird Italy 1908-messina-earthquake-001 1908 Messina Earthquake and Tsunami, 25 images Italian History Magazine  tsunami Strait of Messina sicilia reggio calabria messina 1908 tsunami 1908 earthquake 1908

The tsunami was 8 meter high and killed almost 2.000 people

Weird Italy 1908-messina-earthquake-002 1908 Messina Earthquake and Tsunami, 25 images Italian History Magazine  tsunami Strait of Messina sicilia reggio calabria messina 1908 tsunami 1908 earthquake 1908

Rescuers searched through the rubble for weeks, and whole families were still being pulled out alive days later, but thousands remained buried there.

Weird Italy 1908-messina-earthquake-003 1908 Messina Earthquake and Tsunami, 25 images Italian History Magazine  tsunami Strait of Messina sicilia reggio calabria messina 1908 tsunami 1908 earthquake 1908

The Italian navy and army responded and began searching, treating the injured, and evacuating refugees (as did every ship). Looters soon had to be shot. King Victor Emmanuel III and the Queen arrived.

Weird Italy 1908-messina-earthquake-004 1908 Messina Earthquake and Tsunami, 25 images Italian History Magazine  tsunami Strait of Messina sicilia reggio calabria messina 1908 tsunami 1908 earthquake 1908

With the help of the Red Cross and sailors of the Russian and British fleets, search and cleanup were expedited.

Weird Italy 1908-messina-earthquake-005 1908 Messina Earthquake and Tsunami, 25 images Italian History Magazine  tsunami Strait of Messina sicilia reggio calabria messina 1908 tsunami 1908 earthquake 1908

The earthquake was caused by normal faulting between plates.

Weird Italy 1908-messina-earthquake-006 1908 Messina Earthquake and Tsunami, 25 images Italian History Magazine  tsunami Strait of Messina sicilia reggio calabria messina 1908 tsunami 1908 earthquake 1908

In the years following 1908, precautions were taken when reconstruction began, building architecture that would be able to withstand earthquakes of variable magnitude, if one should strike again.

Weird Italy 1908-messina-earthquake-007 1908 Messina Earthquake and Tsunami, 25 images Italian History Magazine  tsunami Strait of Messina sicilia reggio calabria messina 1908 tsunami 1908 earthquake 1908

Weird Italy 1908-messina-earthquake-008 1908 Messina Earthquake and Tsunami, 25 images Italian History Magazine  tsunami Strait of Messina sicilia reggio calabria messina 1908 tsunami 1908 earthquake 1908

Weird Italy 1908-messina-earthquake-009 1908 Messina Earthquake and Tsunami, 25 images Italian History Magazine  tsunami Strait of Messina sicilia reggio calabria messina 1908 tsunami 1908 earthquake 1908

Weird Italy 1908-messina-earthquake-010 1908 Messina Earthquake and Tsunami, 25 images Italian History Magazine  tsunami Strait of Messina sicilia reggio calabria messina 1908 tsunami 1908 earthquake 1908

In the midst of reconstruction many of the Italian residents were relocated to various parts of Italy. Others were forced to emigrate to America.

Weird Italy 1908-messina-earthquake-011 1908 Messina Earthquake and Tsunami, 25 images Italian History Magazine  tsunami Strait of Messina sicilia reggio calabria messina 1908 tsunami 1908 earthquake 1908

In 1909 the cargo ship Florida carried 850 such passengers away from Naples. Lost in a dense fog, the Florida collided with the Republic, a luxury passenger liner.

Three people aboard the Florida were killed instantly. Within minutes, pandemonium broke out on the ship.

The captain of the Florida, Angelo Ruspini, used extreme measures to regain control of the desperate passengers, including firing gunshots into the air.

Eventually the survivors were rescued at sea and brought into the New York harbor where they would start a new life.

Weird Italy 1908-messina-earthquake-012 1908 Messina Earthquake and Tsunami, 25 images Italian History Magazine  tsunami Strait of Messina sicilia reggio calabria messina 1908 tsunami 1908 earthquake 1908

Weird Italy 1908-messina-earthquake-013 1908 Messina Earthquake and Tsunami, 25 images Italian History Magazine  tsunami Strait of Messina sicilia reggio calabria messina 1908 tsunami 1908 earthquake 1908

Weird Italy 1908-messina-earthquake-014 1908 Messina Earthquake and Tsunami, 25 images Italian History Magazine  tsunami Strait of Messina sicilia reggio calabria messina 1908 tsunami 1908 earthquake 1908

Weird Italy 1908-messina-earthquake-015 1908 Messina Earthquake and Tsunami, 25 images Italian History Magazine  tsunami Strait of Messina sicilia reggio calabria messina 1908 tsunami 1908 earthquake 1908

Weird Italy 1908-messina-earthquake-016 1908 Messina Earthquake and Tsunami, 25 images Italian History Magazine  tsunami Strait of Messina sicilia reggio calabria messina 1908 tsunami 1908 earthquake 1908

Weird Italy 1908-messina-earthquake-017 1908 Messina Earthquake and Tsunami, 25 images Italian History Magazine  tsunami Strait of Messina sicilia reggio calabria messina 1908 tsunami 1908 earthquake 1908

Weird Italy 1908-messina-earthquake-018 1908 Messina Earthquake and Tsunami, 25 images Italian History Magazine  tsunami Strait of Messina sicilia reggio calabria messina 1908 tsunami 1908 earthquake 1908

Weird Italy 1908-messina-earthquake-019 1908 Messina Earthquake and Tsunami, 25 images Italian History Magazine  tsunami Strait of Messina sicilia reggio calabria messina 1908 tsunami 1908 earthquake 1908

Weird Italy 1908-messina-earthquake-020 1908 Messina Earthquake and Tsunami, 25 images Italian History Magazine  tsunami Strait of Messina sicilia reggio calabria messina 1908 tsunami 1908 earthquake 1908

Weird Italy 1908-messina-earthquake-021 1908 Messina Earthquake and Tsunami, 25 images Italian History Magazine  tsunami Strait of Messina sicilia reggio calabria messina 1908 tsunami 1908 earthquake 1908

Weird Italy 1908-messina-earthquake-022 1908 Messina Earthquake and Tsunami, 25 images Italian History Magazine  tsunami Strait of Messina sicilia reggio calabria messina 1908 tsunami 1908 earthquake 1908

Weird Italy 1908-messina-earthquake-023 1908 Messina Earthquake and Tsunami, 25 images Italian History Magazine  tsunami Strait of Messina sicilia reggio calabria messina 1908 tsunami 1908 earthquake 1908

Weird Italy 1908-messina-earthquake-024 1908 Messina Earthquake and Tsunami, 25 images Italian History Magazine  tsunami Strait of Messina sicilia reggio calabria messina 1908 tsunami 1908 earthquake 1908

Weird Italy 1908-messina-earthquake-025 1908 Messina Earthquake and Tsunami, 25 images Italian History Magazine  tsunami Strait of Messina sicilia reggio calabria messina 1908 tsunami 1908 earthquake 1908

Images: commons.wiki.com
Text: Wikipedia, Scientific American

Subscribe to our newsletter

Join Weird Italy, Guide to Places and People in Italy

Weird Italy 35d34cee42cbb06848a4b6ac844a4ae7?s=116&d=mm&r=g 1908 Messina Earthquake and Tsunami, 25 images Italian History Magazine  tsunami Strait of Messina sicilia reggio calabria messina 1908 tsunami 1908 earthquake 1908
WeirdItaly
Lifestyle weblog about everything that happens in Italy: photography, places, people, fashion, Italian movies and books, news and much more
24FansLike
1,143FollowersFollow
245SubscribersSubscribe

How Sanremo Casino Continues to Flourish as a Gaming Hotspot

Sanremo Casino has changed a lot over the past few decades. Its official name is Casinò Municipale di Sanremo, and it's located along the historic...

P448 and Italian high couture tradition

Italy has always been a synonym for high couture. But there are many sports brand famous all over the world. And it wasn’t enough. On the...

Italy, two gangs broke arms, legs, to defraud insurance companies, 42 arrests

The two gangs in Palermo were especially looking for desperate young people and women to stage false accidents to defraud insurance companies. They offered 300...

The Manifesto of Futurist Cooking, A Meal that Prevented a Suicide

The ultimate aim of Futurist cuisine is the abolition of mediocrist daily life in the pleasures of the palate, represented above all by pasta,...

By continuing to use the site, you agree to the use of cookies. more information

The cookie settings on this website are set to "allow cookies" to give you the best browsing experience possible. If you continue to use this website without changing your cookie settings or you click "Accept" below then you are consenting to this.

Close