Architecture Under Fascism: E.U.R.

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Facts & History of E.U.R. Esposizione Universale Roma

EUR is an acronym for Esposizione Universale Roma and is a notable example of Fascist architecture.


Fascist architecture became popular during Benito Mussolini’s rule in Italy from 1922 to 1943. Inspired by Imperial Rome, this new modernist architectural style was a key element in Mussolini’s vision of a unified Fascist Italy. The E42 complex, originally planned to host a World Fair to celebrate the beginning of the Fascist era, exemplifies this architectural approach.

Related article: The Manifesto of Futurist Cooking, A Meal that Prevented a Suicide, Posters of the Italian Fascist Propaganda

The initial project was presented in 1938 under the direction of Marcello Piacentini. The design, inspired by Fascist ideology, combined elements of Roman Imperial town planning with modern features influenced by Italian rationalism.

Palazzo della Civiltà Italiana

Alongside Marcello Piacentini, the architects Giuseppe Pagano Pogatschnig, Luigi Piccinato, Luigi Vietti, and Ettore Rossi were chosen to work on the project. The Expo never took place due to the outbreak of World War II, leaving the original project incomplete. During the 1950s and 1960s, the unfinished buildings were completed to serve as business districts.

EUR was almost fully completed for the 1960 Olympics, held in Rome. By that time, significant infrastructures such as the Palazzo dello Sport (designed by Nervi and Piacentini) and the Velodromo were finished.

EUR Rome-Palace-of-Labor

Located in the southwestern part of Rome, EUR covers an area of approximately 4.2 square kilometers. It was initially conceived to celebrate the 20th anniversary of the March on Rome and intended as a showcase for Italy’s achievements under Fascist rule. The district includes landmarks such as the Palazzo della Civiltà Italiana (often referred to as the “Square Colosseum”), the Palazzo dei Congressi, and the Church of Saints Peter and Paul. Today, EUR is a prominent business and residential district, housing numerous corporate offices, government ministries, and cultural institutions.

The Fascist architecture of EUR was prominently featured in Fellini’s La Dolce Vita, Michelangelo Antonioni‘s 1962 film L’eclisse, Elio Petri’s The 10th Victim, and Bernardo Bertolucci‘s 1970 film The Conformist.

Source Flickr, Wikipedia ( 1 , 2 , 3 )

A documentary on EUR (in italian)

Palazzo della Civiltá del Lavoro

The Palazzo was designed by the architects Giovanni Guerrini, Ernesto Bruno La Padula, and Mario Romano and constructed between 1938 and 1943. It was inaugurated on 30 November 1940 as the centerpiece of the Esposizione and continues to be its most iconic building. The structure is also considered one of the most representative examples of Fascist architecture at the EUR. [Wikipedia]


Obelisco Marconi

Palazzo dei congressi

image source


The gruesome procession of Verbicaro Flagellants

Craco Medieval Ghost Town

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