The lives of the Carusi, the slave miners of Sicily

The Caruso was a kid aged 8 to 14 years, assigned to carry on shoulder excavated material in bags of 20/30 kg or baskets of 15/20 kg and working for 8-10 hour shifts

Child Slavery at the Floristella Grottacalda mines in Sicily.

The Caruso was a kid aged 8 to 14 years, assigned to carry on shoulder excavated material in bags of 20/30 kg or baskets (stirraturi) of 15/20 kg and working for 8-10 hour shifts.

Weird Italy carusi-000 The lives of the Carusi, the slave miners of Sicily Italian History Italy Crime News and Criminal Investigations Magazine  SULPHUR MINES sicily picuneri old photographs old images of Italy old images mines miners mine-boy Illegal labour Floristella Grottacalda Floristella Child Slavery in Sicily carusu carusi
Early XX Century. Child labour in Sicily was rampant.

The word Carusu in Sicilian means “boy” and is derived from the Latin word carus, “dear“.

Weird Italy sicily The lives of the Carusi, the slave miners of Sicily Italian History Italy Crime News and Criminal Investigations Magazine  SULPHUR MINES sicily picuneri old photographs old images of Italy old images mines miners mine-boy Illegal labour Floristella Grottacalda Floristella Child Slavery in Sicily carusu carusi   During XIX century through the early 1900s the word carusu was used to denote a “mine-boy”, a labourer in a sulfur who worked next to a picuneri or pick-man and carried raw ore from deep in the mine to the surface.

These carusi generally worked in near-slavery, often given up by foundling homes or even by their own families for a succursu di murti (death benefit), which effectively made them the property of either the picuneri or of the owners of the mines. [Wikipedia]

Read CHILD LABOUR AND THE SULPHUR MINES from “The Man Farthest Down: A Record of Observation and Study in Europe”, 1912, written by Washington, Booker T.

Sources: 1 , 2

Weird Italy floristella-1980 The lives of the Carusi, the slave miners of Sicily Italian History Italy Crime News and Criminal Investigations Magazine  SULPHUR MINES sicily picuneri old photographs old images of Italy old images mines miners mine-boy Illegal labour Floristella Grottacalda Floristella Child Slavery in Sicily carusu carusi
Floristella mines, 1980 circa

Weird Italy floristella The lives of the Carusi, the slave miners of Sicily Italian History Italy Crime News and Criminal Investigations Magazine  SULPHUR MINES sicily picuneri old photographs old images of Italy old images mines miners mine-boy Illegal labour Floristella Grottacalda Floristella Child Slavery in Sicily carusu carusi
Floristella mine, 1900 circa, lodgings for the miners and furnaces.

Weird Italy carusi-miners-2 The lives of the Carusi, the slave miners of Sicily Italian History Italy Crime News and Criminal Investigations Magazine  SULPHUR MINES sicily picuneri old photographs old images of Italy old images mines miners mine-boy Illegal labour Floristella Grottacalda Floristella Child Slavery in Sicily carusu carusi
Carusi and miners.

Weird Italy carusi-kid-miners The lives of the Carusi, the slave miners of Sicily Italian History Italy Crime News and Criminal Investigations Magazine  SULPHUR MINES sicily picuneri old photographs old images of Italy old images mines miners mine-boy Illegal labour Floristella Grottacalda Floristella Child Slavery in Sicily carusu carusi
Landfill.

Weird Italy carusi-naked-miners-002 The lives of the Carusi, the slave miners of Sicily Italian History Italy Crime News and Criminal Investigations Magazine  SULPHUR MINES sicily picuneri old photographs old images of Italy old images mines miners mine-boy Illegal labour Floristella Grottacalda Floristella Child Slavery in Sicily carusu carusi
In narrow tunnels, the wagons were transported directly from the workers

Weird Italy carusi-naked-miners-001 The lives of the Carusi, the slave miners of Sicily Italian History Italy Crime News and Criminal Investigations Magazine  SULPHUR MINES sicily picuneri old photographs old images of Italy old images mines miners mine-boy Illegal labour Floristella Grottacalda Floristella Child Slavery in Sicily carusu carusi
1950-1960 ca

Weird Italy carusi-naked-miners-012 The lives of the Carusi, the slave miners of Sicily Italian History Italy Crime News and Criminal Investigations Magazine  SULPHUR MINES sicily picuneri old photographs old images of Italy old images mines miners mine-boy Illegal labour Floristella Grottacalda Floristella Child Slavery in Sicily carusu carusi
Average basket weight: 20 to 30 kilos

Weird Italy carusi-naked-miners-016 The lives of the Carusi, the slave miners of Sicily Italian History Italy Crime News and Criminal Investigations Magazine  SULPHUR MINES sicily picuneri old photographs old images of Italy old images mines miners mine-boy Illegal labour Floristella Grottacalda Floristella Child Slavery in Sicily carusu carusi
Solfatara of Grottacalda, 1905, Red Cross servants

Weird Italy carusi-0001 The lives of the Carusi, the slave miners of Sicily Italian History Italy Crime News and Criminal Investigations Magazine  SULPHUR MINES sicily picuneri old photographs old images of Italy old images mines miners mine-boy Illegal labour Floristella Grottacalda Floristella Child Slavery in Sicily carusu carusi   Weird Italy carusi-mine The lives of the Carusi, the slave miners of Sicily Italian History Italy Crime News and Criminal Investigations Magazine  SULPHUR MINES sicily picuneri old photographs old images of Italy old images mines miners mine-boy Illegal labour Floristella Grottacalda Floristella Child Slavery in Sicily carusu carusi   Weird Italy carusi-mine-2 The lives of the Carusi, the slave miners of Sicily Italian History Italy Crime News and Criminal Investigations Magazine  SULPHUR MINES sicily picuneri old photographs old images of Italy old images mines miners mine-boy Illegal labour Floristella Grottacalda Floristella Child Slavery in Sicily carusu carusi   Weird Italy carusi-miners-006 The lives of the Carusi, the slave miners of Sicily Italian History Italy Crime News and Criminal Investigations Magazine  SULPHUR MINES sicily picuneri old photographs old images of Italy old images mines miners mine-boy Illegal labour Floristella Grottacalda Floristella Child Slavery in Sicily carusu carusi   Weird Italy carusi-naked-miners-003 The lives of the Carusi, the slave miners of Sicily Italian History Italy Crime News and Criminal Investigations Magazine  SULPHUR MINES sicily picuneri old photographs old images of Italy old images mines miners mine-boy Illegal labour Floristella Grottacalda Floristella Child Slavery in Sicily carusu carusi   Weird Italy carusi-naked-miners-004 The lives of the Carusi, the slave miners of Sicily Italian History Italy Crime News and Criminal Investigations Magazine  SULPHUR MINES sicily picuneri old photographs old images of Italy old images mines miners mine-boy Illegal labour Floristella Grottacalda Floristella Child Slavery in Sicily carusu carusi   Weird Italy carusi-naked-miners-005 The lives of the Carusi, the slave miners of Sicily Italian History Italy Crime News and Criminal Investigations Magazine  SULPHUR MINES sicily picuneri old photographs old images of Italy old images mines miners mine-boy Illegal labour Floristella Grottacalda Floristella Child Slavery in Sicily carusu carusi   Weird Italy carusi-naked-miners-006 The lives of the Carusi, the slave miners of Sicily Italian History Italy Crime News and Criminal Investigations Magazine  SULPHUR MINES sicily picuneri old photographs old images of Italy old images mines miners mine-boy Illegal labour Floristella Grottacalda Floristella Child Slavery in Sicily carusu carusi   Weird Italy carusi-naked-miners-007 The lives of the Carusi, the slave miners of Sicily Italian History Italy Crime News and Criminal Investigations Magazine  SULPHUR MINES sicily picuneri old photographs old images of Italy old images mines miners mine-boy Illegal labour Floristella Grottacalda Floristella Child Slavery in Sicily carusu carusi   Weird Italy carusi-naked-miners-008 The lives of the Carusi, the slave miners of Sicily Italian History Italy Crime News and Criminal Investigations Magazine  SULPHUR MINES sicily picuneri old photographs old images of Italy old images mines miners mine-boy Illegal labour Floristella Grottacalda Floristella Child Slavery in Sicily carusu carusi   Weird Italy carusi-naked-miners-009 The lives of the Carusi, the slave miners of Sicily Italian History Italy Crime News and Criminal Investigations Magazine  SULPHUR MINES sicily picuneri old photographs old images of Italy old images mines miners mine-boy Illegal labour Floristella Grottacalda Floristella Child Slavery in Sicily carusu carusi   Weird Italy carusi-naked-miners-010 The lives of the Carusi, the slave miners of Sicily Italian History Italy Crime News and Criminal Investigations Magazine  SULPHUR MINES sicily picuneri old photographs old images of Italy old images mines miners mine-boy Illegal labour Floristella Grottacalda Floristella Child Slavery in Sicily carusu carusi   Weird Italy carusi-naked-miners-011 The lives of the Carusi, the slave miners of Sicily Italian History Italy Crime News and Criminal Investigations Magazine  SULPHUR MINES sicily picuneri old photographs old images of Italy old images mines miners mine-boy Illegal labour Floristella Grottacalda Floristella Child Slavery in Sicily carusu carusi   Weird Italy carusi-naked-miners-013 The lives of the Carusi, the slave miners of Sicily Italian History Italy Crime News and Criminal Investigations Magazine  SULPHUR MINES sicily picuneri old photographs old images of Italy old images mines miners mine-boy Illegal labour Floristella Grottacalda Floristella Child Slavery in Sicily carusu carusi   Weird Italy carusi-naked-miners-014 The lives of the Carusi, the slave miners of Sicily Italian History Italy Crime News and Criminal Investigations Magazine  SULPHUR MINES sicily picuneri old photographs old images of Italy old images mines miners mine-boy Illegal labour Floristella Grottacalda Floristella Child Slavery in Sicily carusu carusi   Weird Italy carusi-naked-miners-015 The lives of the Carusi, the slave miners of Sicily Italian History Italy Crime News and Criminal Investigations Magazine  SULPHUR MINES sicily picuneri old photographs old images of Italy old images mines miners mine-boy Illegal labour Floristella Grottacalda Floristella Child Slavery in Sicily carusu carusi   Weird Italy carusi-naked-miners-017 The lives of the Carusi, the slave miners of Sicily Italian History Italy Crime News and Criminal Investigations Magazine  SULPHUR MINES sicily picuneri old photographs old images of Italy old images mines miners mine-boy Illegal labour Floristella Grottacalda Floristella Child Slavery in Sicily carusu carusi   Weird Italy carusi-title The lives of the Carusi, the slave miners of Sicily Italian History Italy Crime News and Criminal Investigations Magazine  SULPHUR MINES sicily picuneri old photographs old images of Italy old images mines miners mine-boy Illegal labour Floristella Grottacalda Floristella Child Slavery in Sicily carusu carusi     Weird Italy carusi-valle-della-luna The lives of the Carusi, the slave miners of Sicily Italian History Italy Crime News and Criminal Investigations Magazine  SULPHUR MINES sicily picuneri old photographs old images of Italy old images mines miners mine-boy Illegal labour Floristella Grottacalda Floristella Child Slavery in Sicily carusu carusi     Weird Italy floristella-1905 The lives of the Carusi, the slave miners of Sicily Italian History Italy Crime News and Criminal Investigations Magazine  SULPHUR MINES sicily picuneri old photographs old images of Italy old images mines miners mine-boy Illegal labour Floristella Grottacalda Floristella Child Slavery in Sicily carusu carusi

Floristella mines, 1905.Weird Italy floristella-mine The lives of the Carusi, the slave miners of Sicily Italian History Italy Crime News and Criminal Investigations Magazine  SULPHUR MINES sicily picuneri old photographs old images of Italy old images mines miners mine-boy Illegal labour Floristella Grottacalda Floristella Child Slavery in Sicily carusu carusi   Weird Italy miner-donkey The lives of the Carusi, the slave miners of Sicily Italian History Italy Crime News and Criminal Investigations Magazine  SULPHUR MINES sicily picuneri old photographs old images of Italy old images mines miners mine-boy Illegal labour Floristella Grottacalda Floristella Child Slavery in Sicily carusu carusi   Weird Italy miners-creating-bricks The lives of the Carusi, the slave miners of Sicily Italian History Italy Crime News and Criminal Investigations Magazine  SULPHUR MINES sicily picuneri old photographs old images of Italy old images mines miners mine-boy Illegal labour Floristella Grottacalda Floristella Child Slavery in Sicily carusu carusi

 

 

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