Italy, Country Map and Statistics

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Italy, Country Map and Statistics

Italy is located in Southern Europe. To the north, Italy borders Slovenia, Austria, Switzerland and France. The italian flag, il Tricolore, is a tricolour (green, white, red).

Capital: Rome
Official Language: Italian
Where is Italy?: Europe, between latitudes 35° and 47° N, and longitudes 6° and 19° E.
Main dialects: Neapolitan, Piedmontese, Sardinian, Venetian, Sicilian, Romanesco dialect, Lombard,Emiliano-Romagnolo,
Historical minority languages: Albanian, Catalan, German, Greek, Slovene, Croatian, French, Franco-Provençal, Friulian, Ladin, Occitan and Sardinian
Government: Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic
Formation: (Unification) 17 March 1861
Republic: 2 June 1946
Area: 301,338 km2 (116,347 sq mi)
Population: 60,795,612 (2014)
President: Sergio Mattarella
Prime Minister: Matteo Renzi
President of the Senate of the Republic: Pietro Grasso
President of the Chamber of Deputies: Laura Boldrini

National Anthem of Italy, Fratelli d’Italia

Economy of Italy

GDP (Total): $2.174 trillion (8th, 2015)
GDP (Nominal): $1.848 trillion (2016)
Currency: Euro (€)

Other info:

Calling code: 0039
Internet TLD: .it
Voltage information: 220 volts alternating at a 50 cycles per second.

Climate and Geography of Italy

Climate: Temperate seasonal climate
Mountain range systems: Alps (Alpi), Apennine Mountains (Monti Appennini)
Main Vulcanos: Mount Etna (Sicily), Mount Vesuvius (Campania), Mount Stromboli (Sicily)
Main lakes: Lake Garda (Lombardia, Veneto), Lake Como (Lombardia), Lake Varese (Lombardia,Piedmont)
Main rivers: Po, Adige, Piave, Tevere, Arno

Demographics, Administrative divisions, Regions, Cities and Metropolitan cities of Italy

Main cities of Italy:

Rome – Lazio         2,872,021
Milan – Lombardy     1,337,155
Naples – Campania     978,399
Turin – Piedmont     896,773
Palermo – Sicily         678,492
Genoa – Liguria     592,507
Bologna – Emilia-Romagna     386,181
Florence – Tuscany     381,037
Bari – Apulia         327,361
Catania – Sicily         315,601
Venice – Veneto         264,579
Verona – Veneto         260,125
Messina – Sicily         240,414
Padua – Veneto         211,210
Trieste – Friuli-Venezia Giulia     205,413
Taranto – Apulia         202,016
Brescia – Lombardy     196,058
Prato – Tuscany     191,002
Parma – Emilia-Romagna     190,284
Modena – Emilia-Romagna     185,148

Metropolitan Cities of Italy

City-Area     Population
Rome – 5,352     4,336,915
Milan – 1,575     3,190,340
Naples – 1,171     3,128,702
Turin – 6,829     2,293,340
Bari – 3,821     1,251,004
Florence – 3,514     1,007,435
Bologna – 3,702     1,003,027
Genoa – 1,839     864,008
Venice – 2,462     858,455
Reggio Calabria – 3,183     558,959
Cagliari – 1,248     430,413

Regions of Italy

Region             Capital     Area (km²)     Area (sq mi)     Population
Abruzzo         L’Aquila     10,763         4,156         1,331,574
Aosta Valley         Aosta         3,263         1,260         128,298
Apulia             Bari         19,358         7,474         4,090,105
Basilicata         Potenza     9,995         3,859         576,619
Calabria         Catanzaro     15,080         5,822         1,976,631
Campania         Naples         13,590         5,247         5,861,529
Emilia-Romagna         Bologna     22,446         8,666         4,450,508
Friuli-Venezia Giulia     Trieste     7,858         3,034         1,227,122
Lazio             Rome         17,236         6,655         5,892,425
Liguria         Genoa         5,422         2,093         1,583,263
Lombardy         Milan         23,844         9,206         10,002,615
Marche             Ancona         9,366         3,616         1,550,796
Molise             Campobasso     4,438         1,713         313,348
Piedmont         Turin         25,402         9,808         4,424,467
Sardinia         Cagliari     24,090         9,301         1,663,286
Sicily             Palermo     25,711         9,927         5,092,080
Tuscany         Florence     22,993         8,878         3,752,654
Trentino-Alto Adige/
Südtirol         Trento         13,607         5,254         1,055,934
Umbria             Perugia     8,456         3,265         894,762
Veneto             Venice         18,399         7,104         4,927,596

Famous Italian artists:

Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo Buonarroti, Caravaggio, Tintoretto, Titian, Palladio, Raphael, Giotto, Andrea Mantegna, Giorgione, Antonio Canova, Giovanni Battista Tiepolo, Canaletto, Giorgio de Chirico

Famous Italian scientists:

Leonardo da Vinci, Galileo Galilei, Guglielmo Marconi, Enrico Fermi, Antonio Meucci

Famous Italian classic composers:

Antonio Vivaldi, Gioacchino Rossini, Giuseppe Verdi, Giacomo Puccini, Gaetano Donizetti, Vincenzo Bellini

Famous Italian writers and poets:

Dante Alighieri, Giovanni Boccaccio, Giacomo Leopardi,  Petrarch, Ludovico Ariosto, Italo Calvino, Alessandro Manzoni, Umberto Eco, Pier Paolo Pasolini, Torquato Tasso, Ludovico Ariosto,  Giosuè Carducci, Salvatore Quasimodo, Luigi Pirandello, Eugenio Montale, Grazia Deledda

Famous Italian philosophers:

Giordano Bruno, Marsilio Ficino, Niccolò Machiavelli, Giambattista Vico

Famous Italian directors:

Federico Fellini, Michelangelo Antonioni, Luchino Visconti, Pier Paolo Pasolini, Vittorio de Sica, Sergio Leone, Bernardo Bertolucci, Dario Argento

Famous Italian food:

Pizza, Pasta, Gelato (Icecream), tiramisu, cassata, mozzarella, ricotta, espresso coffee, Italian wine

Religion and ethnic groups of Italy

Foreign residents:

4.9 million (2014, 8.1% of the total population)

Largest immigrant groups (2015):

1      Romania     1,131,839
2      Albania     490,483
3      Morocco     449,058
4      China         265,820
5      Ukraine     226,060
6      Philippines     168,238
7      India         147,815
8      Moldova     147,388
9      Bangladesh     115,301
10      Peru         109,668
11      Egypt         103,713
12      Sri Lanka     100,558
13      Poland     98,694
14      Pakistan     96,207
15      Tunisia     96,012
16      Senegal     94,030
17      Ecuador     91,259
18      Macedonia     77,703
19      Nigeria     71,158
20      Bulgaria     56,576

Religion:

Roman Catholic (71.1%), Eastern and Oriental Orthodoxy (0,3%), Protestantism (0,8%), Islam (0,4%), Buddhism (0,3%), Hinduism (0,1%), Judaism (0,1%), Congregation of Jehovah’s Witnesses (0,8%), Other